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Welcome to the WSPA Pharmacists Care page!
Pharmacists provide much more than medications. Pharmacists are expertly trained and under-utilized. Pharmacist work in teams within nearly all healthcare settings and some pharmacists never touch a medication but rather assess patients and, through collaborative agreements, prescribe them medications to treat their ailments. Below you will see what pharmacists are trained to evidence of pharmacists provision of patient care and value.
Pharmacists & Healthcare
Our healthcare system is undergoing drastic changes. Pharmacists are the most underutilized healthcare provider. Rethinking the way pharmacists are utilized and aligning quality based compensation incentives is the way to improve management of chronic disease and reduce costly ER visits and hospitalizations.
What do pharmacists and pharmacy technicians do?
Scope of Contemporary Pharmacy Practice: Roles, Responsibilities, and Functions of Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians 2009 This
paper provides an introduction to the education and training pharmacist
and pharmacy technicians receive as well as mandatory and voluntary
credentials available to pharmacists. Also provided, is a spectrum of
profession roles, responsibilities and services in regards to the scope
of pharmacy practice and patient care. Summary
What is the value of the care provided by pharmacists?
Exploring Pharmacists’ Role in a Changing Healthcare Environment
Forbes Magazine recognized the unmet need that pharmacists can address in an article published June 2014. The article stated that, “MTM has the potential to alleviate some glaring problems in America’s health care system.” CMS estimates hospital readmissions cost the program $17.5 billion a year, many due to the adverse effects of medication therapies. One study, referenced in the Forbes article, showed that people who received MTM services from a pharmacist were three times more likely to remain out of the hospital after 60 days. The Forbes article demonstrates the ever growing support for pharmacists as a valued member of the healthcare team.
Improving Patient and Health System Outcomes through Advanced Pharmacy Practice, A Report to the U.S. Surgeon General 2011
From the Office of the Chief Pharmacist for the U.S. Public Health Service
An evidence-based report demonstrating improved patient and health system outcomes through pharmacist delivered patient care services. This report summarizes a substantial amount of published literature from peer-reviewed journals validating the need for pharmacists to be recognized as healthcare providers and be compensated. Report Summary Letter of Support from the Surgeon General Letters of Support from Physicians
Facts About Pharmacists, Technicians and Pharmacies
In the last quarter century, pharmacy has expanded its role within
the health care delivery system from a profession focusing on
preparation and dispensing of medications to patients to one in which
pharmacists provide a wide range of patient-oriented services to
maximize the medicine's effectiveness.
Pharmacy is practiced in a wide range of settings: community
pharmacies, hospitals, long term care facilities, the pharmaceutical
industry, mail service, managed care, and government (Department of
Defense, Department of Veterans Affairs, Indian Health Service, Public
Health Service). A survey identified 112,000 pharmacists in community
pharmacy (66,000 in chains; 46,000 in independents), 40,000 in
hospitals, and 21,000 in consulting, government, academic, industry and
Historically, educational requirements for pharmacists included the
choice of two entry-level degrees: a five-year Bachelor of Science in
pharmacy (BS Pharmacy) or a six-year Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD).
However, as of the year 2000, most schools of pharmacy began offering
only the PharmD degree. This extensive training makes the pharmacist the
most knowledgeable health care professional when it comes to medicines
and their use.
Medicines today have great power to heal and to improve the quality
of life for millions of Americans. But medicines also may do serious
harm if not taken correctly. This is where the role of the pharmacist is
most important. You should choose your pharmacist as carefully as you
choose a physician. It is best to use only one pharmacy so all
medication records are at one location. This way there will be less risk
of duplicating medicine or having one prescription interact harmfully
Pharmacists who know their patients and have their medication
profiles on file will be aware of possible harmful drug interactions or
allergies to certain drugs. The pharmacist also will be able to discuss
possible side effects; what foods, drinks, or activities that should be
avoided while on a medication; what to do if you miss a dose; and a wide
range of other helpful information.
Reprinted with permission from the American Pharmacists Association
Publications and Reports Explaining the Scope of the Profession of Pharmacy
Council on Credentialing in Pharmacy; Scope of Contemporary Pharmacy Practice: Roles, Responsibilities, and Functions of Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians 2009
Improving Patient and Health System Outcomes through Advanced Pharmacy Practice, A Report to the U.S. Surgeon General 2011 From the Office of the Chief Pharmacist for the U.S. Public Health Service
Reeder TA, Mutnick A. Pharmacist- versus physician-obtained medication histories. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2008;65(9):8 57-60.
Bero LA, Bond C. Expanding the roles of outpatient pharmacists: effects
on health services utilization, costs, and patient outcomes.
CochraneDatabase Syst Rev 2000(3):CD000336
PJ, Hoth AB, et al. Clinical pharmacists and inpatient medical
care: a systematic review. Arch Intern Med 2006;16 6(9):955? 64.
Weinberger M, Samsa GP, et al. A randomized, controlled trial
of a clinical pharmacist interven tion to improve inappropriate
prescribing in elderly outpatients with polypharmacy. Am J Med 1996
KB, Kumbera P, et al. Outcomes based pharmacist reimbursement:
reimbursing pharmacists for cognitive services part 1. J Manag Care
Pharm 2002;8(5):383? 93.
Gloria P. Billing for pharmacists’ services provided to ambulatory care
patients. Am J Health Syst Pharm January 15, 2012 69:105;